Nuclear medicine is a relatively recent division of medicine that uses radioisotopes in a safe way to diagnose and treat the diseases.Nuclear medicine imaging procedures often identify abnormalities very early in the progress of a disease, long before many medical problems are apparent with other diagnostic tests.
In a nuclear medicine test, small amounts of radiolabelled tracer are introduced into the body by injection, swallowing, or inhalation. Radiolabelled tracer are substances that are attracted to specific organs, bones, or tissues. The amount of tracer used is carefully selected to provide the least amount of radiation exposure to the patient but ensure an accurate test. A special camera (PET- CT or SPECT camera) is then used to take pictures of your body. The camera detects the radio tracer in the organ, bone or tissue and forms images that provide data and information about the area in question.
Nuclear medicine differs from other diagnostic tests because it determines the presence of disease based on biological changes rather than changes in anatomy.
Our department is equipped with state of the art GE discovery IQ PET/CT with 4D technology and leading edge gamma camera with SPECT (GE NM630) offering a full range of diagnostic radionuclide imaging services.
Nuclear medicine therapy uses various Radio Isotopes. Radioactive iodine is used (I-131) to treat an overactive thyroid gland - a condition known as thyrotoxicosis or hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer. Other radiopharmaceuticals are used to treat some other types of cancer (Eg.Lu-177 DOTA TATE for neuroendocrine tumors and Y-90 microspheres for liver tumors), and to relieve the pain from cancer that has spread to bone (Eg.Sm-153 - EDTMP).
Our department has 2 bed dedicated Radionuclide therapy ward approved by Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB), Government of India.
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